In the treatment of chronic tinnitus (existing longer than 3 months), psychotherapeutic methods (for example, tinnitus retraining therapy) and acoustic methods are available. The aim is to train the patient to live with the tinnitus noise, shifting their attention to other things, to overhear the sound and thus reducing the daily interference of the tinnitus, and strengthen overall vitality.
Hereto noise generators or "tinnitus noisers" are used and specifically programmed for each individual tinnitus patient. Furthermore there is the possibility for patients to get to know the latest therapeutic approaches (ex. music therapy, acoustic neuromodulation). These newer techniques are aimed at "unlearning/forgetting" the tinnitus. This is done painlessly with targeted, acoustic signals, which interfere with the pathological neurons in the auditory cortex in order to reset the auditory memory.
The particular type of tinnitus will determine which technique is used. This is done by configuring the patient's individually oriented therapy.
The aim of this interdisciplinary treatment approach is to reset the auditory memory, simultaneously identify stress factors and to complementary influence these approaches positively, either by psychological, chiromanual-therapeutic treatments or relaxation therapies.
The effectiveness of the cognitive behavioral therapy has been scientifically proven (evidence-based medicine, EBM level IIa).